In the following list you will find examples of symptoms resp. consequences of lack of sleep. Not all symptoms/consequences have to occur at the same time.
- Frequent, severe to very severe tiredness and exhaustion. Partly especially frequent yawning and stretching.
- Lack of concentration, limited performance-ability, temporary memory-gaps.
- Head-ache, nausea.
- A longer lasting sleep deprivation might lead to hallucination resp. delusion. Already after 24-48 hours these symptoms might be noticeable. Combined with lack of concentration, lack of sleep might lead to temporarily blurred vision.
- Sleep deprivation lasting for days or weeks even might be lethal.
- Stress limit resp. resistance to stress decrease. Thus, irritability and stress increase.
- On long term, frequent sleep deprivation might be cause for different heart diseases.
- Dizziness, balance problems, tremor, freeze.
- Lack of sleep might lead to weight gain resp. loss of weight; both can be very stressful for the body.
- Due to few sleep mood and motivation decrease. This might lead to stress, listlessness and excessive demand.
- In combination with the already mentioned symptoms chronical lack of sleep also might lead to depression. Watch out: depressions also might trigger lack of sleep.
- High blood pressure might arise or get worse.
- Impairments of language- and communication-abilities might occur (in combination with lack of concentration and loss of memory).
- Skin-irritations, especially in the face and the eye-region. The skin looks matt and colorless.
- Several of the symptoms resp. consequences mentioned might cause educational, professional as well social problems.
To prevent lack of sleep you should care for an appropriate sleep surrounding and for a proper sleep hygiene. A well-balanced diet, sufficient exercise in fresh air, a regular sleep-wake-cycle, relaxation exercises as well as a proper sleeping underlay are important.
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